Gregory Brown
513 Agnes Arnold Hall
Department of Philosophy
University of Houston
Houston, TX 77204-3004

Joseph II.

Holy Roman Emperor (1765-1790)

born March 13, 1741, Vienna
died Feb. 20, 1790, Vienna

Holy Roman emperor (1765-90), at first co-ruler with his mother, Maria Theresa (1765-80), and then sole ruler (1780-90) of the Austrian Habsburg dominions. An "enlightened despot," he sought to introduce administrative, legal, economic, and ecclesiastical reforms—with only measured success.

Copyright © 1994-2002 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.


  • Encylopedia Britannica 2002, Expanded Edition DVD